Lesson 9  Telling Day, Date and Time

DAYS

In daily conversation, Indonesians prefer to use “hari” followed by the day of the week. For example, they would say “hari Minggu” to denote “Sunday”.

 

Days

English

Indonesian

Day

Hari

Week

Minggu

Sunday

Hari Minggu

Monday

Hari Senin

Tuesday

Hari Selasa

Wednesday

Hari Rabu

Thursday

Hari Kamis

Friday

Hari Jum’at

Saturday

Hari Sabtu

Today

Hari ini, literally means “this day”

Yesterday

Kemarin

Tomorrow

Besok

The day after tomorrow

Lusa

What day is today?

Hari ini hari apa?

On what day?

Pada hari apa?

On …

Pada hari … (followed by name of the day)

Last week

Minggu lalu

 

MONTHS and DATES

As many other countries in the world, Indonesia uses the Day/Month/Year format to write dates. For example:

July 1st, 2014( month-date-year) is written as 1/7/2014 or 1-7-2014 (date-month-year) or 1 Juli 2014.

 

English

Indonesian

January

Januari

February

Februari

March

Maret

April

April

May

Mei

June

Juni

July

Juli

August

Agustus

September

September

October

Oktober

November

November

December

Desember

Date

Tanggal

Month

Bulan

Year

Tahun

What date is today?

Tanggal berapa hari ini?

On what month?

Pada bulan apa?

In what year?

Pada tahun berapa?

Last month

Bulan lalu

Last year

Tahun lalu

 

Small Numbers for Dates

1

Satu

11

Sebelas

21

Dua puluh satu

2

Dua

12

Dua belas

22

Dua puluh dua

3

Tiga

13

Tiga belas

23

Dua puluh tiga

4

Empat

14

Empat belas

24

Dua puluh empat

5

Lima

15

Lima belas

25

Dua puluh lima

6

Enam

16

Enam belas

26

Dua puluh enam

7

Tujuh

17

Tujuh belas

27

Dua puluh tujuh

8

Delapan

18

Delapan belas

28

Dua puluh delapan

9

Sembilan

19

Sembilan belas

29

Dua puluh Sembilan

10

Sepuluh

20

Dua puluh

30

Tiga puluh

 

Notes

Belas is suffix to form – teens.

Numbers form 21-99: to say- for example -  21, you would say “dua puluh satu” ; literally means “two tens one”

or simply just say “dua satu”; literally means “two one”.

Big Numbers for Years

English

Indonesian

Hundred

Ratus

One hundred

Satu ratus, commonly said seratus

Thousand

Ribu

One thousand

Satu ribu, commonly said seribu

1999

Seribu sembilan ratus Sembilan puluh Sembilan

Or simply said

Sembilan belas sembilan Sembilan; literary means nineteen ninety nine

Next year

Tahun depan

Next month

Bulan depan

Next week

Minggu depan

Next day

Hari berikutnya/ besok

Next time

Lain kali

                                                          

Let’s practice this conversation

 

Ari : Hari ini hari apa? (What day is today?)

Ira: Hari Jum’at (Friday)

Ari: Tanggal berapa hari ini? (What date is today?)

Ira: Dua tujuh Juni ( 27 of June)

 

Telling Time

English

Indonesian

Second

Detik

Minute

Menit

Hour

Jam

What time is it?

Jam berapa sekarang?

Now/at this time

Sekarang/Saat ini

7 a.m.

Jam tujuh pagi

9 o’clock

Jam sembilan

2 p.m. /14.00

Jam 2 siang

5 p.m./17.00

Jam 5 sore

8 p.m./20.00

Jam 8 malam

7.15

Tujuh lima belas

A quarter past seven/

fifteen past seven

Tujuh lewat lima belas/tujuh lebih lima belas

7.25

Tujuh dua lima

7.30 (seven thirty)

Tujuh tiga puluh

Half past seven

Setengah delapan; means 30 minutes to eight

7.45

Tujuh empat lima

A quarter to eight

Fiteen minutes to eight

Delapan kurang lima belas

 

Generally, Indonesian express the hour “jam” first before say the minute “menit”. For example, fifteen minutes past seven, would be said “tujuh lebih lima belas”.

 

Let’s practice

 

Eko      : Jam berapa 

               sekarang?

 

Wayan  : Pukul07.30

               Kenapa?

 

Eko      : Aku mau

               menonton

              pertandingan sepak bola di Senayan. 

              (I want to watch a football match in Senayan.)

 

Wayan : Apa pertandingannya pagi ini?

(Is it running this morning?)

 

Eko      : Tidak. Pertandingannya nanti sore. Tolong ingatkan

               aku ya. (No. The match is running this afternoon.

               Please, remind me. OK?)

Wayan  : Baiklah. Kamu mau pergi jam berapa?

               (OK. What time do you want to go?)

Eko      : Jam 2 siang. (sambil melihat kalender)

              (at 2 afternoon. (while looking at a calendar))

               Hmm…ini hari Rabu,tanggal 12 Juni kan, Wayan?

              (Hmm…today is Wednesday, June 12, right,

               Wayan?)

Wayan  : Bukan.Ini hari Kamis tanggal 13 Juni. Ada apa?

              (No. Today is Thursday, June 13. What’s wrong? )

Eko      : Sial! (Bad luck!)

Wayan  : angka 13 tidak selalu sial. (13 is not always badluck.)

Eko      : Tapi pertandingan itu sudah berlangsung kemarin.

              (But the match had run yesterday afternoon.)

Wayan  : Kalau begitu, kamu memang belum beruntung.

               (Sorry. Then.you’re not in good luck!)