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Lesson 4  Addressing People by Titles & Pronouns

Indonesian

English

Anda (formal)

You, your, yours

Kamu/kau(commonly used, informal)

You, your, yours

Elu/Lu/Loe/Ente (Jakarta slang)

You, your, yours

Saya (formal)

I, me, my, mine

Aku (informal)

I, me, my, mine

Gua/Gue/Ane/Aye (Jakarta slang)

I, me, my, mine

Kalian

You (all) plural form of you

Mereka

They, them, their, theirs

*Kami

We, us, our, ours (exclude the person being spoken to)

**Kita

We, us, our, ours (include the person being spoken to)

Bapak/Tuan

Mister/Sir

Ibu/Nyonya

Madame/Mistres/Misses

Nona

Miss

Kang/Mas/Kakak

Brother, to elder ones or at our own age/for appreciating

Mbak/Teteh/Uni/Kakak

Sister, to elder ones or at our own age/for appreciating

Adik

Younger brother/sister

 

Indonesian has a wide variety of pronouns owning to it is long history and association with other languages and cultures such as the Hindus, Budhas, Chinese, Dutch, Arabic and wide array of native languages.

 

Being familiar with the different pronouns is important, but you may always limit you use to ones you feel most comfortable with.

 

If you want to say “We” in Indonesian, you may need to stop and think exactly what you mean

*If you are talking to someone and would not like to include them in the subject, you would use “Kami”. “We” (excluding you) are going to movies.

**If you are speaking to someone and would like to include them in the subject, you would use “Kita”. “We” (including you) are going to the movies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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